Veterinary laser therapy is an innovative treatment that has gained popularity in recent years as vets have discovered its benefits for pets. Laser therapy is used similarly to acupuncture, massage therapy, and other alternative therapies, in conjunction with or in place of the drug to manage pain, infections, and healing.
'Laser' - an abbreviation for 'light-emitting radiation-stimulated emission' - turns into a unit that emits focused light rays, which penetrate light rays in three forms:
Monochrome: light that is one wavelength (unlike natural light, which is emitted as a set of wavelengths)
Coherent: Photons (i.e. small particles of light or electromagnetic radiation) traveling at the same stage and direction
Collimation: Photons that travel in one straight beam
Cohesion and collision give the laser penetration force of a restricted area so that the nearby tissue is not affected.
The laser is categorized based on wavelength and potential energy production, with four chapters currently recognized:
Class 1 lasers, like barcode scanners used in supermarkets, are used safely every day
Class 2 lasers, which include laser pointers and some therapeutic lasers, produce a ray in the visible spectrum (400--700 nm)
Class 3 lasers include the most commonly used curative lasers
Class 4 lasers cause heat injury to tissues and include surgical lasers used to cut and whiten tissues during surgical procedures
How does laser therapy affect a pet's tissue?
Therapeutic lasers use light wavelengths of a specific wavelength to cause photodiode modification, or alter the physiology of cells and tissues. The light absorbed by cellular components stimulates electrons and activates cells to promote growth, spread, migration and repair.
The type and depth of tissue that responds to laser therapy depends on the wavelength of light delivered. Most curative lasers use red or near infrared light, and its wavelength is 600-1070 nm, although units with green, blue, and violet light, which have lower wavelengths, are becoming more common. Lower-wavelength lasers are absorbed by surface tissues, such as the skin, while deeper wavelengths penetrate muscles and bones.
Laser therapy helps repair tissues by causing the following:
Vasodilation, which increases blood flow to bring in the oxygen and cells involved in the healing process
Relax the muscles
Fastest recovery and repair
The main clinical benefits of using lasers in pets include reduced inflammation, low pain, and improved wound healing.
Who can benefit from laser treatment?
Laser therapy is used in many veterinary medical conditions, including:
Tendon and ligament injuries
Laser therapy is especially useful for pets with limited medical treatment options, such as:
Pets with liver disease who cannot take medication
Cats, which are approved by only a few pain control medications
Exotic pets who manage the drug are difficult or impossible
Older pets with shrinking device function
How is laser treatment?
During the treatment session, the portable laser wand is slowly moved forward and backward on the damaged tissue, resulting in a warm and pleasant feel that most pets seem to enjoy and find comfortable. Sessions usually last 15 to 30 minutes, as the number of sessions and the frequency of treatments depend on the injury. Chronic conditions can be treated weekly, while surgical incisions and open wounds require daily treatment.
Is laser treatment safe for pets?
Laser therapy is considered safe if performed correctly, using the appropriate settings and duration of treatment. High-capacity units can cause tissue burns if used incorrectly. Also, eye-directed lasers can cause permanent damage to the retina, so patients and all veterinarians must wear goggles during treatment.